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美国企业签署首份向中国供应美国LNG长期合同
Cheniere signs long-term LNG export deal with China

来源:FT中文网    2018-02-11 07:21



        The first ever long-term contract to supply US liquefied natural gas to China has been signed by Texas-based Cheniere Energy, boosting the hopes for other companies positioning themselves to launch new export projects.        美国得克萨斯州Cheniere Energy公司签署了首份向中国供应美国液化天然气(LNG)的长期合同,给有意上马新出口项目的其他公司带来希望。
        The 25-year deal with China National Petroleum Corporation means Cheniere has pulled ahead in the race to develop a new wave of US LNG export projects to come on stream in the 2020s. But it will also encourage other aspiring suppliers by showing that Chinese buyers can be persuaded to make long-term commitments.        与中国石油天然气集团公司(CNPC)签署的这份为期25年的协议意味着,Cheniere在发展新一波的将于本世纪20年代投产的美国液化天然气出口项目的竞赛中取得领先地位。但它也表明,可以说服中国买家做出长期承诺,从而鼓励了其他有抱负的供应商。
        China was the third-largest market for US LNG exports last year, after Mexico and South Korea, but until now the country has been buying spot cargoes rather than using the long-term contracts that exporters need to be able to finance new plants.        去年,中国是美国液化天然气出口的第三大市场,仅次于墨西哥和韩国,但迄今为止,中国一直在购买现货、而不是使用长期合同——出口商需要长期合同,以便为新工厂融资。
        CNPC has contracted Cheniere to sell up to 1.2m tonnes of LNG a year. A portion of the deliveries will start this year, with the balance starting in 2023 and running through to 2043.         CNPC与Cheniere签署了每年销售至多120万吨液化天然气的合同。部分交付将于今年开始,其他将从2023年开始,并一直持续到2043年。
        Michael Wortley, Cheniere’s chief financial officer, said he thought CNPC had chosen his company as a supplier because it was a “credible solution” with a proven record of delivering LNG plants on time and on budget. Cheniere was the first company to begin exports of LNG from the Gulf of Mexico region of the US, starting shipments in 2016.        Cheniere首席财务官迈克尔•沃特里(Michael Wortley)表示,他认为CNPC之所以选择他的公司作为供应商,是因为它代表着一个“可靠的解决方案”,在按预算按时交付液化天然气工厂方面具有经过验证的记录。Cheniere是第一家开始从美国墨西哥湾地区出口液化天然气的公司,从2016年开始发货。
        Gas imports to China have been soaring as Beijing attempts to shift its energy system away from coal, to fight air pollution, and the country is expected to become the world’s top LNG importer by 2030.        随着北京方面努力让中国能源体系摆脱对煤炭的依赖以便对抗空气污染,中国的天然气进口量近年大幅增长。预计到2030年中国将成为世界上最大的液化天然气进口国。
                
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